|Formed October 23. 1940
Mobilised on April 1941
This division was newly formed in 1940; its home area was Wehrkreis
V, which covered Saxony and parts ot Prussia and Silesia. It comprised
mostly German, rather than Austrian, personnel, with drafts from other
units including 25. and 27.Infanterie Divisions.
The division was in training until the spring of 1941, when it
became part of 12. Armee for the attack on Yugoslavia. After the successful
conclusion of the Balkan campaign it then became part of 17.Armee in Heeresgruppe
Sud for the inva-sion of the Soviet Union Taking part in the advance towards
the Volga, it fought in the Battles at Uman and Mius, where it suffered
heavy casualties, In the German summer offensive of 1942 the division struck
into the Caucasus mountains and fought with some distinction, becoming
involved in the containment of the attempted Russian landings at Novorossisk
in the Kuban bridgehead. In 1944, having taken part in the ferocious battles
around the Dnieper Bend, it received a commendation from Generalfeldmarschall
von Manstein for the part it had played in the destruction of the Soviet
1st Tank Army.
In late 1944 the division withdrew across the Carpathian Mountains
into Hungary, and was involved in the fighting retreat into Czechoslovakia
and Austria, ending up as part of 1.Panzerarmee. By the end of the year
this once powerful division had been reduced to a Kampfgruppe; it surrendered
to the Soviets on 9. May 1945.
Thanks to Jason Pipes for historical reference