Generalleutnant Eduard Dietl (1938-40) 
Generalleutnant Hans Kreysing (1940-43)
Generalleutnant August Wittmann (1943-44)
Generalleutnant Paul Klatt (1945)
138th Gebirgsjäger Regiment
139th Gebirgsjäger Regiment
112th Gebirgs Artillerie Regiment
68th Radfahr Abteilung 
48th Gebirgs-Panzerjäger Abteilung 
83rd Gebirgs-Pionier Abteilung 
68th Gebirgs-Nachrichten Abteilung 
68th Divisional support units
Formed April 1. 1939
Mobilised on August 26. 1939
Home, Graz

This division was formed by the amalgamation of the former Austrian 5. and 7.Gebirgs divisions after the Anschluss (When Austria was added to the Reich, many Austrian Mountain units were added to the German Heer.) The 2nd Gebirgsjäger Division was formed this way, being formed from the 5th and 7th Austrian Divisions. It is interesting to note that the 68th Bicycle Abteilung and 48th Panzerabwehr Abteilung were traded with the 95th Bicycle Abteilung and 95th Panerabwehr Abteilung of the 5th Gebirgsjager Division, but both never actually became part of the 5th Gebirgsjager Division, as they stayed in the Finland and soon became regular troops.

On the outbreak of hostilities in 1939, the division was part of XVIII Korps of 14 Armee, one of the constituent units of Heeresgruppe Sud, and took part in the successful Polish campaign along with the 1st and 2nd Gebirgsjäger Divisions. But it was transferred to the Western Front before the campaign concluded, and in March was withdrawn from the front to prepare for its part in the forthcoming campaign in Norway.

It was chosen as the spearhead unit of the invasion force at Narvik in April 1940. One of the division‘s regiments, the 138th, was detached to capture Trondheim, leaving the force which took Narvik seriously weakened, and when the British expeditionary force arrived at the port, the division found itself in the midst of some very bitter fighting. It was a close run thing, and Dietl admitted that he had considered withdrawing his battered troops over the border into Swedish internment. However, the division fought on determinedly, and finally won the day against the Allies after the surrender of the Norwegian Government, just days before elements of the 2nd Gebirgsjager Division managed to reach them and link up.But only after over two months of heavy fighting.

The 3.Gebirgs Division then took part in the initial stages of  "Unternehmen Barbarossa" (the invasion of the Soviet Union), during the drive from northern Finland towards the port of Murmansk. lt remained in this sector until autumn 1942, when it was moved to the southern sector of the front, which was coming under severe pressure from Soviet counter-attacks. It took part in the attempt to relieve 6.Armee at Stalingrad.

The division then fought in the defensive battles in the Ukraine, before withdrawing through Hungary into Czechoslovakia, where it became part of XXXXIX Panzerkorps. It was in action in Upper Silesia when the war ended, where it surrendered to Soviet forces in May, 1945. 

Thanks to Jason Pipes for historical reference material. 
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