|The 1. Gebirgsjager
Division was formed in April 1938 and was based in Garmish, Bavaria; its
parent Wehrkreis was Wehrkreis VII. Between 1935 and 1937, a Gebirgs unit
of Brigade size was formed from the original cadre of men left over from
WW1 and by April, 1938 this unit had been raised to a Division in size.
In 1939, the 1st Gebirgsjager Division
took part in the Campaign in Poland as part of XIV Army Group South capturing
the Dukla Pass in the Carpathian mountains and saw action in operations
in Southern Poland, forcing the surrender of the Polish city of Lemberg.
After the Campaign in Poland, the Division
was transfered to the Western Front to take part in the attack on France
and the Low countries in 1940. In France, the 1st Gebirgs distinguished
itself in the crossings of the Maas and Loire Rivers. After the Campaign
in France, the Division was posted to take part in the planned invasion
of Great Britian, and then for the planned invasion of Gibraltar, but in
both cases, the planned operations were canceled.
After training for the above two invasions,
the Division was transfered to Austria to take part in operations in Yugoslavia.
After the Campaigns in Yugoslavia, the Division took part in the Invasion
of the Soviet Union. In the East, the Division took part in actions at
Uman, Stalino and Mius. In 1942, the 1. Gebirgs Division took part in operations
in the Donetz region, and then took part in the drive through the Caucasus
Region until it was withdrawn into Greece 1943. There it was held as part
of Oberkommando der Wehrmacht's strategic reserve, spending its time engaged
in anti-partisan duties until April 1944, when it was despatched to Hungary.
In December, 1944 the Division was again
moved to Hungary where it took part in offensives against the Red Army.
It was renamed 1.Volks-Gebirgs-Divison and was then moved to the south-eastern
part of Austria where in 1945 it surrendered to the Soviets in May. Its
personnel went into Soviet captivity, and many never returned.
Thanks to Jason Pipes for historical reference.